We are continually working to update and improve our global bathymetric grid. This is only possible through access to data sets and regional bathymetric compilations made available by the international community. We thank all data contributors.
Even to this day large areas of the global ocean floor have not been mapped using modern echo-sounding techniques. Help us to map the gaps, find out how to contribute your data and get involved in GEBCO.
The GEBCO grid has been built from data from a number of sources, including regional and global grids and hundreds of individual surveys made available through international and national databases such as the IHO Data Center for Digital Bathymetry (IHO-DCDB) and from partners in industry.
The table below lists the data contributions included in the current GEBCO grid, GEBCO_2020.
|Contributing Project/Organization||Regional Data Set (including reference/link where available)|
|Alaska Fisheries Science Center of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Alaskan Fisheries)||Bathymetry data from the Alaska bathymetry compilations for the Aleutian Islands, central Gulf of Alaska and Norton Sound.|
Digitized chart soundings, Alaska:
Proofed digitized historical chart soundings from “smooth sheets” covering Alaskan waters Proofed digitized historical chart soundings from “smooth sheets” covering Alaskan waters.
Zimmermann, M., Prescott, M. M. & Haeussler, P. J. Bathymetry and Geomorphology of Shelikof Strait and the Western Gulf of Alaska. Geosciences 9, 409, doi:doi:10.3390/geosciences9100409 (2019).
Prescott, M. M. & Zimmermann, M. Smooth sheet bathymetry of Norton Sound. Report No. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-298, 23 (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2015).
Zimmermann, M. & Prescott, M. M. Smooth sheet bathymetry of Cook Inlet, Alaska. Report No. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-275, 32 (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2014).
Zimmermann, M., Prescott, M. M. & Rooper, C. N. Smooth sheet bathymetry of the Aleutian Islands. Report No. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-250, 43 (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2013).
|British Antarctic Survey (BAS)||Land elevation data and terrain models for areas in the Southern Ocean: |
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands:
From the South Georgia GIS https://www.sggis.gov.gs/
Marion Island: digitized from Very High Resolution (VHR) satellite imagery
Balleney Island: digitized from Landsat imagery
Bouvet and Peter Island: Norwegian Polar Institute (2014). Kartdata Bouvetøya 1:20 000 (B20 Kartdata); Norwegian Polar Institute (2014). Map data / kartdata Peter I Øy 1:50 000 (P50 Kartdata)
|British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC)||Gridded bathymetry data based on multibeam|
Data from RRS Charles Darwin cruise CD118 in the Northeast Atlantic off the UK.
|Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)||Northern Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Bathymetry Grid from 3D Seismic
|Canadian Hydrographic Service||Non-Navigational (NONNA-100) Bathymetric Data: represent all currently validated, digital bathymetric sources acquired by CHS, combined at a resolution of approximately 100 metres. Contains information licensed under the Open Government Licence – Canada. https://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/d3881c4c-650d-4070-bf9b-1e00aabf0a1d|
|Directorate of Navigation and Hydrography Brazil||Digital Terrain Model of the Brazilian Continental Margin:|
Based on mixed data sources, provided by the Brazilian Navy at 1km resolution.
|Directorate of Navigation and Hydrography Brazil||Bathymetric grid based on multibeam data.|
Data contributed by the Brazilian Navy in support of naming seafloor features (SCUFN 32), in the South Atlantic Ocean.
|Deakin University, Australia||Seafloor mapping data, Victoria – 10m grid|
Collation of seafloor structure information (bathymetry and softness hardness) collected using multibeam sonar systems as part of the Victorian Marine Habitat Mapping Project and bathymetric light detection and ranging data (LiDAR) collected as part of the future coats program. The geographic is Victorian State waters.
|Deep Reef Explorer (www.deepreef.org)||High-resolution depth model for the Great Barrier Reef – 30
Beaman, R J (2018). High-resolution depth model for the Great Barrier Reef - 30 m. Geoscience Australia, Canberra, Australia.
|Deep Reef Explorer (www.deepreef.org)||High-resolution depth model for the Northern Australia – 100m, V3
Beaman, R J (2010). Project 3D-GBR: A high-resolution depth model for the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF) Project 2.5i.1a Final Report, MTSRF, Cairns, Australia, pp. 13 plus Appendix 1 (Internal Report).
|EMODnet||The EMODnet Digital Bathymetry (DTM) 2018.
A multilayer bathymetric product for Europe’s sea basins, based upon more than 9400 bathymetric survey data sets and Composite DTMs gathered from 49 data providers from 24 countries.
EMODnet Bathymetry Consortium (2018): EMODnet Digital Bathymetry (DTM): http://doi.org/10.12770/18ff0d48-b203-4a65-94a9-5fd8b0ec35f6
|Geological Survey of Israel||Bathymetric grids for the Black and Caspian Seas|
Hall, J K (2002). Bathymetric compilations of the seas around Israel I: The Caspian and Black Seas. Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research, Vol. 13, December 2002.
|Geomar||Bathymetric grid for part of the Red Sea region and the South East Pacific region:
https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.860374 and https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.785515
|Geoscience Australia||High-resolution depth model for Northern Australia - 30 m (2018)|
|Geoscience Australia||50m Multibeam Dataset of Australia 2012
Wilson, O, C Buchanan and M Spinoccia (2012). 50m Multibeam Dataset of Australia 2012
|Geoscience Australia||Australian Bathymetry and Topography Grid, June 2009
ANZLIC unique identifier: ANZCW0703013116, Geoscience Australia.
Whiteway, T, (2009). Australian Bathymetry and Topography Grid, June 2009. Scale 1:5000000. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. http://dx.doi.org/10.4225/25/53D99B6581B9A.
|Geoscience Australia||MH370 - Phase One Data Release
|Goodliffe, A.||Woodlark Basin multibeam bathymetry grid – 200m|
Goodliffe, A. (2011). Woodlark Basin multibeam bathymetry grid. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA).
|Global Multi-resolution Topography Data Synthesis (GMRT)||GMRT versions 3.5 and 3.7|
A multi-resolutional compilation of multibeam sonar data collected by scientists and institutions worldwide, that is edited, processed and gridded by the GMRT Team. This global multibeam compilation is merged into a continuously updated compilation of global elevation data. The GMRT multibeam compilation was provided to GEBCO at 15 arc sec resolution. The full list of contributing cruises, vessels and Chief Scientists is available here.
|Global Sea Mineral Resources NV (GSR), DEME Group, Belgium||Bathymetric grid, based on multibeam data|
Supplied to GEBCO for a region of the North Pacific, 1800 km southwest of the Mexican Baja Peninsula.
|Hydrographic Service of the Royal Netherlands Navy||Gridded bathymetric data set for the Windward Island area of the Caribbean Sea|
The dataset is based on mixed data sources.
|Hydrographic Service for the Navy, Ministry of the Defence of Argentina||Bathymetric grids based on data acquired during cruises: |
ARG-MD_2007 (2007), HES-2008-COOPERACION (2008), HE-2016 (2016) and the recovery of the A.R.A SAN JUAN submarine (2017)
|Henstock, T.J. et al||Gridded bathymetric data set based on multibeam data from HMS Scott cruise HI1123|
Seafloor morphology of the Sumatran subduction zone: Surface rupture during megathrust earthquakes? Geology, v34, pp485-488, 2006
|International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO)||IBCAO V4 bathymetric grid
IBCAO v4 bathymetric grid, 180°W-180°E; 64°N-90°N doi:10.5285/a01d292f-b4a0-1ef7-e053-6c86abc0a4b2
Access a list of data sets included in the grid.
|International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean (IBCSO)||IBCSO v1 bathymetric grid, 180°W-180°E; 60S-90°S:
The grid for the Southern Ocean area is based on the IBCSO V1 data base as documented in the source id list: https://www.scar.org/science/ibcso/resources/
Arndt, J E, H W Schenke, M Jakobsson, F Nitsche, G Buys, B Goleby, M Rebesco, F Bohoyo, J K Hong, J Black, R Greku, G Udintsev, F Barrios, W Reynoso-Peralta, T Morishita and R Wigley (2013). The International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean (IBCSO) Version 1.0 - A new bathymetric compilation covering circum-Antarctic waters. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/grl.50413
|Japan Coast Guard, Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department (JHOD); Japan Oceanographic Data Center (JODC) of the Japan Coast Guard||Japan Coast Guard Grid for the North Western Pacific Ocean
Provided at 30 arc-second intervals, the grid for this area was originally developed from the following source data:
Multibeam data from the Japan Coast Guard, A pre-prepared 500m interval grid based on measured sounding data: J-EGG500 grid JODC-Expert Grid data for Geographic -500m
|Land Information New Zealand (LINZ)||Multibeam data used to compile New Zealand navigation charts|
Water around New Zealand.
|Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS), Hosted at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University.||Gridded multibeam data |
Data from 6 cruises in the South and West Pacific Ocean region.
|National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA). Wellington||New Zealand Bathymetry compilation - 250 m
Mitchell, J S, K A Mackay, H L Neil, E J Mackay, A Pallentin and P Notman (2012). Undersea New Zealand, 1:5,000,000. NIWA Chart, Miscellaneous Series No. 92
|Olex AS, Norway||Crowd source bathymetry data provided by Olex|
These data are primarily single beam soundings collected by fishing vessels using the Olex acquisition system. The data are provided gridded at a resolution of 400x400 m.
|Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC)||65 gridded datasets, based on multibeam and satellite-derived bathymetry data|
collected around the Pacific Islands: Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and Guam; Northwest Hawaiian Islands; Pacific Remote Island Area; American Samoa
|Scripps Institution of Oceanography||SRTM15+ V2 Global Bathymetry and Topography at 15 Arcseconds
Tozer, B, Sandwell, D. T., Smith, W. H. F., Olson, C., Beale, J. R., & Wessel, P. (2019). Global bathymetry and topography at 15 arc sec: SRTM15+. Earth and Space Science. 6.
|Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine (SHOM), France||Bathymetric data supplied in the form of grids|
Largely from multibeam and Lidar bathymetric surveys and transect cruises in areas of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans, from the data holdings and cruises of SHOM.
|Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine (SHOM), France||Bathymetric DEM of the waters off Guyana, Atlantic Ocean|
|Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE||Data acquired as part of the Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE competition|
Data were contributed in an area in the Mediterranean Sea and near Puerto Rico.
|South West Indian Ocean Bathymetry Compilation (SWIOBC)||The Southwest Indian Ocean Bathymetric Compilation (swIOBC)|
Dorschel, B, L Jensen, J E Arndt, G-J Brummer, H de Haas, A Fielies, D Franke, W Jokat, R Krocker, D Kroon, J Pätzold, R R. Schneider, V Spieß, H Stollhofen, G Uenzelmann‐Neben, M Watkeys and E Wiles (2018). The Southwest Indian Ocean Bathymetric Compilation (SwIOBC). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 19, no. 3 (March 2018): 968–76.
|Taylor, Brian (2006)||Multibeam bathymetry compilation of the Lau Back-Arc Basin – 100m|
Taylor, B. (2006). Multibeam bathymetry compilation of the Lau Back-Arc Basin. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA). http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/IEDA/100063
|The quest for the Africa–Eurasia plate boundary west of the Strait of Gibraltar||Bathymetric grid based on multibeam data North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Cadiz region — SWIM project |
Reference: "Earthquake and Tsunami hazards of active faults at the South West Iberian Margin: deep structure, high-resolution imaging and paleoseismic signature". Data set citation — The quest for the Africa-Eurasia plate boundary west of the Strait of Gibraltar: Zitellini, N., Gràcia, E., Matias, L., Terrinha, P., Abreu, M.A., DeAlteriis, G., Henriet, J.P., Dañobeitia, J.J., Masson, D.G., Mulder, T., Ramella, R., Somoza, L. and Diez, S. (2009). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 280, (1-4), 13-50. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.005)
|University of New Hampshire and its Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center (UNH/CCOM-JHC)||United States Law of the Sea Data|
Atlantic Grid, version 2019. https://ccom.unh.edu/theme/law-sea/law-of-the-sea-data/atlantic
|Weinrebe et al.||Multibeam compilation of the Central America Pacific Margin
Weinrebe, W., et al. (2007). Multibeam bathymetry compilation of the Central America Pacific Margin. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA).
|Weinrebe and Hasert||DTMs of the South East Pacific Ocean created from a compilation of multibeam bathymetric data acquired during 18 cruises in 1995-2012 |
Weinrebe, R.W., Hasert, M. (2012). Bathymetric Charts of the South East Pacific with links to gridded datasets. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.785515
|US-Extended Continental Shelf (ECS) cruises||Bathymetry data from the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf (ECS) Project|
|Source||Description and Reference (where available)|
|IHO DCDB||Bathymetric soundings, single beam and multibeam, extracted from the data maintained by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) Data Center for Digital Bathymetry (DCDB) at the US National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
|Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI)||Multibeam data in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean region. |
17 cruises of multibeam data in the South and West Pacific.
59 cruises of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S)
|All-Russia Research Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean (VNIIOkeangeologia)||2 cruises of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
Data originators: Polar Marine Geosurvey Expedition (PMGE).
|Australian Antarctic Data Centre (AADC)||2 cruises of multibeam data and 6 cruises of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50S).|
|Australian Hydrographic Office (AHO)||4 cruises of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|AusSeabed||Multibeam data from around Australia http://www.ausseabed.gov.au/|
|Australia's Marine National Facility (MNF)||5 cruises of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|British Antarctic Survey (BAS)||93 cruises multibeam data and 1 cruise of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Centro de investigaciones Oceanograficas e Hidrograficas (CIOH), Colombia||1 cruise of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S|
|Fugro||16 Cruises of Multibeam data in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean region.|
|GEBCO Alumni Indian Ocean Bathymetric Compilation||102 Cruises of Multibeam data in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean region from multiple international sources.|
|Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (GIN RAS)||Gridded bathymetry data from RV Akademik Nikolaj Strakhov Cruise 22 in the Atlantic Ocean
Single beam survey data from RV Akademik Nikolaj Strakhov Cruises 7 and 11-12 in the Atlantic ocean
|Geoscience Australia||2 cruises of multibeam data and 8 cruises of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|HafenCity Universität Hamburg, Germany||2 cruises of multibeam data for the Atlantic Ocean collected aboard the RV Sonne in 2018.|
|L'Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), France||3 cruises of multibeam data and 1 cruise of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espana (IGME), Spain||9 cruises of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Italy||9 cruises of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Italian Hydrographic Institute (IHI)||1 cruise of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)||South and West Pacific Ocean region: 858 cruises of Multibeam data
accessed through: Data and Sample Research System for Whole Cruise Information
Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S): 7 cruises of multibeam data
|Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE)||4 cruise of single beam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S)|
|Japan Oceanographic Data Center (JODC)||4 cruise of multibeam data in the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S)|
|Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI)||Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S): 19 cruises of multibeam data|
|Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Earth Institute (R/V Marcus G. Langeth expeditions)||Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S): 11 cruises of single beam data.|
|Marine Institute of Ireland||Multibeam data form 3 cruises conducted aboard the Celtic Explorer in the Atlantic Ocean acquired as part of the AORA effort.|
|Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS), Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University||9 cruises of multibeam data in the South and West Pacific Ocean.|
138 cruises of multibeam data and over 600 cruises of single beam data in the Southern Ocean (South of 50°S).
|National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)||27 cruises of single beam data and one file of isolated soundings for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|National Institute of Polar Research (Japan) (NiPR)||4 cruises of multibeam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (New Zealand)||4 cruises of multibeam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Ocean Exploration Trust||Gridded multibeam data from 8 cruises of the RV “Nautilus” (2019) in the South and West Pacific region
Multibeam data for 54 cruises in the North Pacific region
|Polar Marine Geosurvey Expedition (PMGE)||1 cruise of multibeam and 27 cruises of single beam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO)||1 cruise of multibeam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Servicio Hidrografico y Oceanograficos de la Armada de Chile (SHOA)||1 cruise of single beam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|State Oceanic Administration (China) (SOA)||5 cruises of single beam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Stockholm University||4 cruises of multibeam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Ukraine Antarctic Expedition (UAE)||13 cruises of single beam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50S).|
|University of New Hampshire, Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center||Multibeam bathymetry from U.S. Law of the Sea cruise to map the foot of the slope and 2500-m isobath of the US Arctic Ocean margin carried Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center, University of New Hampshire:
HLY1603, HLY1202, HLY1102, HLY0905, HLY0805, HLY0703, HLY0302, HLY0405, HLY0503.
Bathymetry are in addition provided from the following expeditions with USCGC Healy through the Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center, or retrieved from the IHO-DCDB:
HLY0201, HLY0203, HLY0204, HLY0304, HLY0402, HLY0403, HLY0404, HLY0501, HLY0502, HLY0602, HLY0804, HLY0806, HLY0904, HLY1002
|University of Tasmania (UTAS)||1 cruise of single beam data and 1 file of isolated sounding data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50S).|
|US Geological Survey||1 cruise of single beam data for the Southern Ocean region (South of 50°S).|
|Source||Description and Reference (where available)|
|Member States of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)||Bathymetric soundings extracted from Electronic Navigation Charts (ENCs) provided by IHO Member States. Access further details about ENC contributions made to GEBCO. www.gebco.net/data_and_products/gridded_bathymetry_data/shallow_water_bathymetry
List of countries/organisations that have contributed ENC data directly to GEBCO:
Australian Hydrographic Service (RAN); Australia Bundesamt fur Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Germany; Directorate of Hydrography and Navigation, Peru; East Asia Hydrographic Commission; Finnish Hydrographic Office, Finland; Flemish Hydrography, Belgium; Hellenic Navy Hydrographic Service, Greece; Hydrographic service office of the Kingdom of Bahrain; Hydrographic Service, Maritime Administration of Latvia; Hydrographic Office of the Polish Navy, Poland; Hydrographic Office, South Africa; State Hydrographic Service of Ukraine; Royal Malaysian Navy Servicio de Hidrografía, Oceanografía; Meteorología y Cartografiado Náutico, Venezuela; Instituto Oceanographico de la Armada, Ecuador; Instituto Idrografico Della Marina, Italy; Instituto Hidrografico, Portugal; Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration, Korea (Republic of); National Hydrographic Office, India; National Ocean Service, USA; Netherlands Hydrographic Office, The Netherlands; Norwegian Mapping Authority, Norway; Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada, Chile; Swedish Maritime Administration, Sweden; Centro De Hidrografia Da Marinha, Brazil; Uruguayan Navy Oceanography, Hydrography and Meteorology Service; Argentina
|Davey, F.J., 2004||Ross Sea Bathymetry (1:200,000)|
Bathymetric map, Version 1.0, Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, geophysical Map 16, GNS Ltd, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
|Stagpoole, V.M. et al, 2004||Bathymetry of the Ross Dependency and adjacent Southern ocean 1:5,000,000, Version 1.0. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Lower Hutt, New Zealand, geophysical map 17.|
GNS Ltd, Lower Hutt, New Zealand